Compare and contrast the concepts of ‘naturalism’ proposed by at least TWO positivist
social scientific theorists (Auguste Comte. Emile Durkheim, Herbert Spencer) and consider
the limitations of these ‘naturalist’ approaches for helping social scientists to research and
understand societies.

Evaluate a range of academic theories and methodological approaches and explain how they inform
and influence different perspectives
Critique the methodology and theoretical frameworks of a piece of academic research within their
specialist area

Critically examine Durkheim’s claim that ‘social facts should be studied as things’